### How do you calculate the Deaerator & HP heaters steam consumption???

DEAERATORS:

What is the function of Deaerator?

Functions of deaerator

To remove the dissolved oxygen from deaerator & bringing down to <0.005 ppm

To heat the feed water

To provide NPSH to Boiler feed pumps

Acts as surge for feed water storage device

2-Which steam is used for deaerator?

Saturated steam having pressure from 0.3 to 3 kg/cm2 and temperature 130 deg C to 200 deg C

3-What are the pipe lines connected to Deaerator & storage tank?

Inlet lines:

• Make up water line
• Condensate water line from CEP
• Return condensate water from process
• Recirculation water line from BFP
• Balance leak off water lines from BFP
• Condensate water from HP & LP heaters
• Steam line from turbine extraction or PRDSH

Out let lines:

• Feed water line to BFP suction
• Deaerator overflow line
• Deaerator storage tank drain line

Understanding with examples.

1-Calculate the steam consumption of deaerator based on following given data

 Sl No. Particular UOM Value 1 LP steam flow to deaerator at pressure 1.5kg/cm2G & temperature 135 deg C t TPH ? 2 Feed water outlet temperature from deaerator 0C 105 3 Feed water outlet flow from deaerator TPH 125 4 CEP water flow to deaerator at temperature 50 deg C flow TPH 120 5 Make up water to deaerator at temperature 25 deg C TPH 5

Solution:

Enthalpy of steam at pressure 1.5 kg/cm2 & temperature 135 deg C = 653 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of CEP water at temperature 50 deg C = 50 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of makeup water at temperature 25 deg C = 25 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of deaerator outlet feed water = 106 kcal/kg

Mass of steam = (Feed water flow X Enthalpy –CEP flow X Enthalpy-Makeup water X Enthalpy) / (Enthalpy of steam-Enthalpy of deaerator outlet water)

Mass of steam      = 125 X 106 -120 X 50 -5 X 25 / (653-106)

Mass of steam = 13.02 MT

2-Calculate the steam consumption of deaerator based on following given data

 Sl No. Particular UOM Value 1 LP steam flow to deaerator at pressure 2.5 kg/cm2G & temperature 150 deg C t TPH ? 2 Feed water outlet temperature from deaerator 0C 128 3 Feed water outlet flow from deaerator TPH 210 4 CEP water flow to deaerator at temperature 45 deg C flow TPH 30 5 Make up water to deaerator at temperature 25 deg C TPH 20 6 Process return condensate at temperature 95 deg C TPH 160

Solution:

Enthalpy of steam at pressure 2.5 kg/cm2 & temperature 150 deg C = 658.4 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of CEP water at temperature 45 deg C = 45 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of makeup water at temperature 25 deg C = 25 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of deaerator outlet feed water = 129 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of return condensate water = 96 kcal/kg

Mass of steam = (Feed water flow X Enthalpy –CEP flow X Enthalpy-Makeup water X Enthalpy-Return condensate X Enthalpy) / (Enthalpy of steam-Enthalpy of deaerator outlet water)

Mass of steam      = (210 X 129 -30 X 45 -20 X 25-160 X 96) / (658.4-129)

Mass of steam = 18.66 MT

HP & LP heaters:

1-What are the applications of HP & LP heaters?

HP & LP heaters are used to heat the feed water & to improve the cycle efficiency

2-What are the various pipe lines connected to HP heaters?

Inlet lines:

1-Feed water inlet line

2-Bleed steam line from Turbine

Outlet lines:

1-Feed water outlet line

2-Condensate outlet line

Understanding with examples.

A HP heater is used to heat the 105 TPH feed water from 105 °C to 150 °C by using turbine bleed steam at 8 kg/cm2 and 200 °C. The condensate returning from heater is at 125 °C, calculate the quantity of steam used.

Given that,

Qf = 105 TPH

Tf1 = 105 °C

Tf2 = 150 °C

Hg at pressure 8 kg/cm2 & temperature 200 °C =677 kcal/kg

Enthalpy of condensate water Hf = 126 kcal/kg

Heat lost by the steam = Heat gained by feed water

Ms X (Hg-Hf) = Mw X (Tf2-Tf1)

Ms X (677-126) = 105 X (150-105)

Ms = 8.57 TPH