Effect of moisture content in steam Turbines

Effect of moisture content in steam Turbines

 When steam passes through a turbine, it undergoes expansion and releases energy, which is harnessed to generate power. However, if the steam contains water droplets or moisture, it can have detrimental effects on the turbine blades. As the steam expands and flows through the turbine stages, the droplets can impinge on the blades, leading to erosion, pitting, or damage.

 The churning effect typically occurs in the last few stages of the turbine, where the steam is at lower pressure and velocity. At these stages, any remaining liquid particles in the steam are prone to separation from the gas phase and can cause erosion on the turbine blades.

Read Power plant O&M reference books

 Moisture content in steam  leads into the following problems:

 Erosion: The high-speed impact of liquid droplets on the turbine blades can cause erosion, leading to damage and reduced efficiency over time. Erosion can wear down the blade surfaces, affecting their aerodynamic shape and performance.

 Vibrations: The churning effect can induce vibrations in the turbine rotor and other components. Excessive vibrations can cause mechanical stress and fatigue, leading to increased wear and potential failures.

 Loss of efficiency: The presence of liquid droplets in the steam reduces the effective energy transfer from the steam to the turbine blades. This can result in a decrease in overall turbine efficiency and power output.

 To mitigate the this effect and protect the turbine blades, several measures can be implemented:

 Proper design of steam Turbine & blading to ensure proper expansion of steam in blades.Blade Design: Turbine blades can be designed to minimize the impact of churning. This can include using erosion-resistant materials, shaping the blades to minimize droplet impingement, and providing protective coatings.

 Drainage Systems: Proper design and implementation of drainage systems within the turbine help remove condensed water and moisture effectively

 Proper operation of the Turbine & maintaining steam parameters as per design

 To mitigate the moisture content in steam and its negative consequences, steam turbines are equipped with various mechanisms and components, including steam separators, moisture separators, and steam dryers. These devices help remove or reduce the moisture content in the steam before it enters the turbine, ensuring better steam quality and minimizing the chances of churning.

 Proper design, operation, and maintenance practices, such as regular inspection and cleaning of turbine components, are essential to prevent or minimize the churning effect and maintain optimal turbine performance and longevity.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Hi all,
This article is written based on practical experience..If liked, share with others, or any suggestions leave in comment box.

15-Emergencies in power plant operation

Most visited posts