Skip to main content

16-Perfect reasons for more fuel consumption of Boilers

Following are the 16-reasons for increase in Boilers fuel consumption

1. Decreased economiser inlet feed water temperature:

On every 6-8 deg C decrease in Economiser inlet feed water temperature causes the rise in Boiler fuel consumption by 1%.

2. Increased Boiler outlet  flue gas  temperature:

On every 22 deg C increase in flue gas temperature causes the reduction in Boiler efficiency by 1% & hence boiler fuel consumption increases for generating same steam.

3. Increased moisture content in the fuel

Boilers fuel consumption increases as the moisture in the fuel increases. As it requires more excess air & reduces combustion efficiency leading to unburnt losses

4. Increased excess air

10-Tips to reduce LOI in Boilers

Increase in excess air causes dry flue gas loss & hence more fuel consumption. And also leads to more auxiliary power consumption.

5. Increased unburnt loss

Unburnt fuel or incomplete combustion of fuel leads to increased consumption of fuel. Unburnt is due to improper air fuel mixture or unbalanced draught or variation in the fuel quality

6. Higher blow down

Blow down water carries saturated water/steam through it, so leads into more fuel consumption. Maximum acceptable blow down rate for normal Boiler operation is 0.5 to 1%.

7. Operating the Boiler at lower or partial loads

Operating the Boilers on partial load requires more excess air & leads to incomplete combustion forming unburnts.

Calculated reasons for for SSC of Turbine

Boiler calculations for Boiler operation engineer (BOE) exam

Viva Questions & answers for preparation of BOE exam & interview

8. Operating the boiler at non-standard operating parameters

Operating the Boilers at non standard parameters like pressure, temperatures, flow etc will lead to the higher fuel consumption

9. Leakage into & out of the Boilers

Air & flue gas leakages into the Boiler & out of the Boiler will reduce the working efficiency there by increasing the boiler fuel consumption

10. Steam leakage

It is a direct cause for higher steam consumption. Generally steam leakage is from vent & drains valves, welding & flange joints

11. Boiler heating surfaces internal scaling

Pressure parts namely water wall tubes, economiser tubes & super heater coils internal & external scaling will result into poor heat transfer, which increases fuel input to produce required amount of steam.

Pressure parts internal scaling can damage the pressure parts by over heating

12. Radiation & Convection losses

Radiation & convection losses in the boiler causes increased fuel consumption. These losses may be due to uninsulated or unlagged surfaces of boiler

13. Lower combustion air temperature

On every 20 Deg C decrease in combustion air temperature leads to Boiler efficiency reduction by 1%

14. More ash content in the fuel

More ash content in the fuel takes away heat associated with it during discharging through hoppers. Especially bed ash is having more temperature. Also higher ash fuel are having lower GCV

Guide for Boilers troubleshooting

15. More Volatile matters (VM) in the fuel

Calorific value of the fuel reduces as the VM increases. Boilers using Lower GCV fuel consume more fuel

16. Other potential reasons for increased fuel consumption of a Boiler are;

Boiler design related issuers

Wrong selection of auxiliaries like fans & fuel feeding system

Low quality of Bed materials

Defects in fuel burners & fuel spreaders

Over refractory on internal heating surfaces

Faulty field instruments

Factors considered for Boiler Engineering

Also read Why & How these in Boilers???


Popular posts from this blog

Boiler feed pumps (BFP) questions & answers for interview

Boiler feed pumps (BFP) questions & answers for interview: 1-What is the function of Boiler feed pumps (BFP) in power plant? Functions: To supply the feed water to boilers To conduct the Boiler hydraulic tests To supply the desuperheating & attemperator water required for process steam lines & boilers respectively TOP-6 BEST POWER PLANT O&M BOOKS Boiler calculations for Boiler operation engineer (BOE) exam Viva Questions & answers for preparation of BOE exam & interview  2- What are the type of prime movers (drives) used for BFPs? Prime movers: LT drive (415 V) HT drive (11 KV) Turbo drive (Steam driven) 3-What are the auxiliaries associated with BFP? BFP auxiliaries Cooling water pump & lines Lube oil system ARC valve Mechanical seal flushing system Balance leak off line & its PRV 4-What are the various pipe lines connected to BFP? Questions & Answers on AFBC Boilers Suction pipe line D

Basic things you must know about nut bolts & spanners

A Bolt is a mechanical device which has head on one end of a body and a thread on the other end designed for fastening of two parts. Bolt is inserted into holes in assembly parts, it is mated with a tapped nut. Tension is normally induced in the bolt to compress the assembly by rotating the nut. This may also be done by rotation of the bolt head. A Screw is a headed and threaded bolt used without a nut. It is inserted into an internally tapped hole and tension is induced by rotation of the screw head. A Stud is a fastener with no head but it has threads at both ends of the shank. It, like a screw, has one end those screws into a tapped hole. A nut is used on the other end to create tension. Major diameter – largest diameter of thread (D) Minor diameter – smallest diameter of thread Pitch – distance between adjacent threads.       Boiler calculations for Boiler operation engineer (BOE) exam TOP-6 BEST POWER PLANT O&M BOOKS Types of nut bolts & Washer

22-Most likely Question Answer Guide for Boilers troubleshooting

TOP-6 BEST POWER PLANT O&M BOOKS 1.What are the emergencies that are expected to happen in boiler operation? Emergencies that can happen in boilers operation are: Boilers tubes leakage Failure of feed water control station Unbalanced draft in furnace Furnace explosion Blow down valve failure Feed water pumps failure Secondary combustion in super heaters and ESP Also read 16-Perfect reasons for increasing the fuel consumption of Boilers 2.List out the potential reasons for boiler tubes failure. Reasons for boiler tubes failure: Failure due to overheating Failure due to internal scales Failure due to aging Failure due to uneven expansion Failure due to ash and flue gas erosion Failure due to material defects Failure due to internal and external tube corrosion Improper or effected circulation due to opening/passing of low point drains 3.List down the sequential action taken after boiler tube leakage to restore the boiler. Following activities ar


A steam condenser is device or an appliance in which steam condenses and heat released by steam is absorbed by water. Heat is basically shell & tube type heat exchanger, where cooling water passes through tubes & steam condenses in shell. The functions of the condensers are: It condenses the steam exhausted from Turbine last stage Increase the thermal efficiency of the plant reducing the exhaust pressure and thereby reducing the exhaust temperature It maintains a very low back pressure on the exhaust side of the Turbine Supplies feed water to Boiler through deaerator TOP-6 BEST POWER PLANT O&M BOOKS Condenser related components: Hot well Cooling water inlet & outlet system Cooling tower Support springs or expansion neck Air Ejector system Condensate extraction system Cooling water tubes & tube sheet Vacuum breaker valve Safety valve or rapture disc Water box Air & water vent lines Types of steam condensers: Surface Co

Calculation of heat rate & efficiency of the power plant

Heat rate  is the amount of energy used by an electrical generator/power plant to generate one kilo Watt-hour (kWh) of electricity Heat rate (HR) = Heat input / Power generation =Kcal / Kwh Boiler calculations for Boiler operation engineer (BOE) exam Viva Questions & answers for preparation of BOE exam & interview Total heat input: The chemical energy available in the fuel (coal, biomass, oil, gas etc) is converted into heat energy in Boilers, this process is called as oxidation. The heat available in the fuel is measured in terms of Kcal/kg, KJ/kg or BTU units. The part of this fuel is used as useful heat and rest is lost as dry flue gas loss, moisture loss, un  burnt loss, radiation/convection losses etc.Based on Boiler efficiency this heat energy from the fuel is utilised, generally fuel heat utilisation is in the range of 60 to 90%. This heat generated in the boilers due to oxidation of fuel is used to generate high pressure & temperature steam. Thus genera